##### Stephen Hawking believes that the universe created itself out of nothing “* … tiny quantum fluctuations in the very early universe became the seeds from which galaxies, stars, and ultimately human life emerged. “Science predicts that many different kinds of universe will be spontaneously created out of nothing. It is a matter of chance which we are in,”* He further states that God did not create the universe and the “Big Bang” was an inevitable consequence of the laws of physics. Hawking’s assertion is based upon the idea that physical laws of the universe inevitably lead to the spontaneous creation of the universe, without the necessity of a creator or any other kind of “first cause.” So let me take a shot at that from a layman’s perspective, and with 4 decades of experience as a software developer working in very complex systems.

First let me lay some groundwork by summarizing some things about the “laws of physics” and some of the known physical attributes and constants of the universe. I’ve included them below and you can skim through the tedium if you wish, or dwell on it yourself; I’ll present my questions and conclusions here for you to consider.

*My summary of the matter:*

When I look at these physical laws and constants, the first thing I notice is that they describe a real no-kidding physical system. I also notice that they are there for the purpose of describing and constraining a real no-kidding physical system, namely the universe we all live in.

So if these laws of physics and the constraining constants apply to an already created universe no matter the creator, then why are they there in the first place. They seem to provide no mechanisms to form a universe, but only serve to describe the end result of the creation. Where is the motivation, where is the intelligent drive that will create a universe to fit into these laws and constraints?

Where is the first and preeminent “law of physics” that describes the creation of the laws of physics and the constants themselves so that we can know about and study our own universe?

Something is missing here Dr. Hawking! You make the claim that “* … many different kinds of universes will be spontaneously created out of nothing …”* but you neglect to mention that in the beginning there indeed was “*something,*” not “*nothing*” as you claim, but at the very least the laws of physics. And who or what created these laws Dr. Hawking? What or who, Dr. Hawking, created the** Laws of Thermodynamics? **

__So why do I care and why do I study & write about such things?__

There is and has been a concerted effort among certain segments of society and also of science to eliminate all possibility of God. In particular, they want to eliminate God from the world of the younger generations, and in doing so they allow those who would impose their own godless world view on society, even though they themselves may have no such intent. The consequences of this effort is to remove the moral laws that a belief in God provides.

For example, consider the ** Ten Commandments**. The Commandments begin by positing a transcendent God to which all mankind is accountable to. The Commandments continue with a moral code proscribing the behavior of mankind.

**places a significant boundary on the behavior and relationship between all mankind that protects the lives and well being of us all. When that boundary is removed, along with the transcendent accountability for such actions, then we should expect horrific societal behavior as a result.**

*Thou shall not kill*So I believe it is important to stay abreast of this issue and make comment such as to counter what I see as a destructive trend.

Don Johnson – January 2013

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__The information below is taken from the article Major Laws of Physics: by Andrew Zimmerman Jones at http://physics.about.com/od/physics101thebasics/p/PhysicsLaws.htm__

Note:

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About Physical Laws:

Over the years, one thing scientists have discovered is that nature is generally more complex than we give it credit for. The following laws of physics are considered fundamental, but many of them refer to idealized, closed systems, which are hard to obtain in the real world. Also, some are altered slightly in different circumstances. The laws that Newton developed, for example, are modified by the findings of the theory of relativity, but they are still basically valid in most regular cases that you’ll run into.

##### Newton’s Three Laws of Motion:

Sir Isaac Newton developed the Three Laws of Motion, which describe basic rules about how the motion of physical objects change. Newton was able to define the fundamental relationship between the acceleration of an object and the total forces acting upon it.

##### “Law” of Gravity:

Newton developed his “Law of Gravity” to explain the attractive force between a pair of masses. In the twentieth century, it became clear that this is not the whole story, as Einstein’s theory of general relativity has provided a more comprehensive explanation for the phenomenon of gravity. Still, Newton’s law of gravity is an accurate low-energy approximation that works for most of the cases that you’ll explore in physics.

##### Conservation of Mass-Energy:

The total energy in a closed or isolated system is constant, no matter what happens. Another law stated that the mass in an isolated system is constant. When Einstein discovered the relationship *E*=*mc*^{2} (in other words that mass was a manifestation of energy) the law was said to refer to the conservation of mass-energy. The total of both mass and energy is retained, although some may change forms. The ultimate example of this is a nuclear explosion, where mass transforms into energy.

##### Conservation of Momentum:

The total momentum in a closed or isolated system remains constant. An alternative of this is the law of conservation of angular momentum.

##### Laws of Thermodynamics:

The laws of thermodynamics are actually specific manifestations of the law of conservation of mass-energy as it relates to thermodynamic processes.

- The zeroeth law of thermodynamics makes the notion of temperature possible.
- The first law of thermodynamics demonstrates the relationship between internal energy, added heat, and work within a system.
- The second law of thermodynamics relates to the natural flow of heat within a closed system.
- The third law of thermodynamics states that it is impossible to create a thermodynamic process which is perfectly efficient.

##### Electrostatic Laws:

Coulomb’s law and Gauss’s law are formulations of the relationship between electrically charged particles to create electrostatic force and electrostatic fields. The formulas, it turns out, parallel the laws of universal gravitation in structure. There also exist similar laws relating to magnetism and electromagnetism as a whole.

##### Invariance of the Speed of Light:

Einstein’s major insight, which led him to the Theory of Relativity, was the realization that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant and is not measured differently for observers in different inertial frames of reference, unlike all other forms of motion. Some theoretical physicists have conjectured different variable speed of light (VSL) possibilities, but these are highly speculative. Most physicists believe that Einstein was right and the speed of light is constant.

##### Modern Physics & Physical Laws:

In the realm of relativity and quantum mechanics, scientists have found that these laws still apply, although their interpretation requires some refinement to be applied, resulting in fields such as quantum electronics and quantum gravity. Care should be taken in applying them in these situations.

And let me include a partial listing of some constants that define the universe we live in. These are taken from a previous article I wrote

**at: https://ayearningforpublius.wordpress.com/2012/06/25/the-origins-of-the-universe-simple-or-complex-part-2-the-problem-of-massively-complex-synchronicity/**

*The Origins of the Universe … Simple or Complex: Part 2 … The Problem of “Massively Complex Synchronicity”***Constants in the category ” Universal constants “…**

characteristic impedance of vacuum

electric constant

magnetic constant

Newtonian constant of gravitation

Newtonian constant of gravitation over h-bar c

Planck constant

Planck constant in eV s

Planck constant over 2 pi

Planck constant over 2 pi in eV s

Planck constant over 2 pi times c in MeV fm

Planck length

Planck mass

Planck mass energy equivalent in GeV

Planck temperature

Planck time

speed of light in vacuum

**Constants in the category ” Electromagnetic constants “…**

Bohr magneton

Bohr magneton in eV/T

Bohr magneton in Hz/T

Bohr magneton in inverse meters per tesla

Bohr magneton in K/T

conductance quantum

elementary charge

elementary charge over h

inverse of conductance quantum

Josephson constant

magnetic flux quantum

nuclear magneton

nuclear magneton in eV/T

nuclear magneton in inverse meters per tesla

nuclear magneton in K/T

nuclear magneton in MHz/T

von Klitzing constant

**Constants in the category ” Atomic and nuclear constants “…**

alpha particle mass

alpha particle mass energy equivalent

alpha particle mass energy equivalent in MeV

alpha particle mass in u

alpha particle molar mass

alpha particle-electron mass ratio

alpha particle-proton mass ratio

Bohr radius

classical electron radius

Compton wavelength

Compton wavelength over 2 pi

deuteron g factor

deuteron magnetic moment

deuteron magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

deuteron magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

deuteron mass

deuteron mass energy equivalent

deuteron mass energy equivalent in MeV

deuteron mass in u

deuteron molar mass

deuteron rms charge radius

deuteron-electron magnetic moment ratio

deuteron-electron mass ratio

deuteron-neutron magnetic moment ratio

deuteron-proton magnetic moment ratio

deuteron-proton mass ratio

electron charge to mass quotient

electron g factor

electron gyromagnetic ratio

electron gyromagnetic ratio over 2 pi

electron magnetic moment

electron magnetic moment anomaly

electron magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

electron magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

electron mass

electron mass energy equivalent

electron mass energy equivalent in MeV

electron mass in u

electron molar mass

electron to alpha particle mass ratio

electron to shielded helion magnetic moment ratio

electron to shielded proton magnetic moment ratio

electron-deuteron magnetic moment ratio

electron-deuteron mass ratio

electron-helion mass ratio

electron-muon magnetic moment ratio

electron-muon mass ratio

electron-neutron magnetic moment ratio

electron-neutron mass ratio

electron-proton magnetic moment ratio

electron-proton mass ratio

electron-tau mass ratio

electron-triton mass ratio

Fermi coupling constant

fine-structure constant

Hartree energy

Hartree energy in eV

helion g factor

helion magnetic moment

helion magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

helion magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

helion mass

helion mass energy equivalent

helion mass energy equivalent in MeV

helion mass in u

helion molar mass

helion-electron mass ratio

helion-proton mass ratio

inverse fine-structure constant

muon Compton wavelength

muon Compton wavelength over 2 pi

muon g factor

muon magnetic moment

muon magnetic moment anomaly

muon magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

muon magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

muon mass

muon mass energy equivalent

muon mass energy equivalent in MeV

muon mass in u

muon molar mass

muon-electron mass ratio

muon-neutron mass ratio

muon-proton magnetic moment ratio

muon-proton mass ratio

muon-tau mass ratio

neutron Compton wavelength

neutron Compton wavelength over 2 pi

neutron g factor

neutron gyromagnetic ratio

neutron gyromagnetic ratio over 2 pi

neutron magnetic moment

neutron magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

neutron magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

neutron mass

neutron mass energy equivalent

neutron mass energy equivalent in MeV

neutron mass in u

neutron molar mass

neutron to shielded proton magnetic moment ratio

neutron-electron magnetic moment ratio

neutron-electron mass ratio

neutron-muon mass ratio

neutron-proton magnetic moment ratio

neutron-proton mass difference

neutron-proton mass difference energy equivalent

neutron-proton mass difference energy equivalent in MeV

neutron-proton mass difference in u

neutron-proton mass ratio

neutron-tau mass ratio

proton charge to mass quotient

proton Compton wavelength

proton Compton wavelength over 2 pi

proton g factor

proton gyromagnetic ratio

proton gyromagnetic ratio over 2 pi

proton magnetic moment

proton magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

proton magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

proton magnetic shielding correction

proton mass

proton mass energy equivalent

proton mass energy equivalent in MeV

proton mass in u

proton molar mass

proton rms charge radius

proton-electron mass ratio

proton-muon mass ratio

proton-neutron magnetic moment ratio

proton-neutron mass ratio

proton-tau mass ratio

quantum of circulation

quantum of circulation times 2

Rydberg constant

Rydberg constant times c in Hz

Rydberg constant times hc in eV

Rydberg constant times hc in J

shielded helion gyromagnetic ratio

shielded helion gyromagnetic ratio over 2 pi

shielded helion magnetic moment

shielded helion magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

shielded helion magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

shielded helion to proton magnetic moment ratio

shielded helion to shielded proton magnetic moment ratio

shielded proton gyromagnetic ratio

shielded proton gyromagnetic ratio over 2 pi

shielded proton magnetic moment

shielded proton magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

shielded proton magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

tau Compton wavelength

tau Compton wavelength over 2 pi

tau mass

tau mass energy equivalent

tau mass energy equivalent in MeV

tau mass in u

tau molar mass

tau-electron mass ratio

tau-muon mass ratio

tau-neutron mass ratio

tau-proton mass ratio

Thomson cross section

triton g factor

triton magnetic moment

triton magnetic moment to Bohr magneton ratio

triton magnetic moment to nuclear magneton ratio

triton mass

triton mass energy equivalent

triton mass energy equivalent in MeV

triton mass in u

triton molar mass

triton-electron mass ratio

triton-proton mass ratio

weak mixing angle

**Constants in the category ” Physico-chemical constants “…**

atomic mass constant

atomic mass constant energy equivalent

atomic mass constant energy equivalent in MeV

Avogadro constant

Boltzmann constant

Boltzmann constant in eV/K

Boltzmann constant in Hz/K

Boltzmann constant in inverse meters per kelvin

Faraday constant

first radiation constant

first radiation constant for spectral radiance

Loschmidt constant (273.15 K, 100 kPa)

Loschmidt constant (273.15 K, 101.325 kPa)

molar gas constant

molar Planck constant

molar Planck constant times c

molar volume of ideal gas (273.15 K, 100 kPa)

molar volume of ideal gas (273.15 K, 101.325 kPa)

Sackur-Tetrode constant (1 K, 100 kPa)

Sackur-Tetrode constant (1 K, 101.325 kPa)

second radiation constant

Stefan-Boltzmann constant

Wien frequency displacement law constant

Wien wavelength displacement law constant

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